THOMAS SCOTT

Sergeant-at-Mace

April 1869 – December 1904

 

Town Sergeant/Sergeant at Mace is one of the oldest job titles of the Town of Ipswich. Dating back to the time of Town Bailiffs, following the first Royal Charter of 1200. The Sergeant was employed to carry out the duties and enforcement of the laws and wishes of the governance of the Town. As Sergeant, they were to carry the insignia of the town and to carry the royal mace (1665). Held ahead of the first citizen in parades and precessions. The sergeant at mace is responsible for the civic and ceremonial role of the first citizen. Over the past 800 years, the Sergeant would be responsible for the smooth running of the halls and the running of meetings of the Town, acting as toastmaster and attendant of the court. (Session Court and Council). Carrying the Sword of Justice for the Session Court and Royal Mace for Council meetings, calling order for the start and finish of the meetings.

Since 1836 Mayors had replaced Bailiffs in the town, with the Sergeant’s duties being transferred to serve the Mayors, acting as mayor’s attendants. For Civic parades, Two Town Sergeants carry maces (the Borough/Town has two Royal Maces) The sword of Justice is carried by the Town Crier who would lead the procession with the Mayor and the civic party behind. The Sergeants were present at every significant event of the town, from Royal visits, Proclamations, unveilings, openings, Council meetings in the Borough and escort for the Mayor for Town and County events.

 

Born: 17th January 1834, Ipswich.

Baptised 27th August 1834, at St. Nicholas Church, Ipswich.

 

Father: Thomas Scott, a carpenter.

 

Mother: Susannah Scott (nee Groom), born 1794, Framsden, Suffolk.

 

Siblings:

Jane Caroline Scott, born 21st November 1819, St. Peter’s, Ipswich, baptised 2nd January 1820, at St. Peter’s Church, Ipswich. On the 31st December 1843, at St. Mary’s Church, Otley, Suffolk, Jane married John Crane, born 1817, Clopton, Suffolk. Jane and John had six children and made their family home at Swilland, Suffolk. Jane ran her own Grocery Shop and John was a Journeyman miller and foreman at Buttrum’s Mill, at Woodbridge, Suffolk. John Crane died Monday, 28th August 1870, at his home in Swilland from injuries received by a fall at work.

FATAL ACCIDENT

John Crane was a foreman at Buttrum’s Mill, and was greatly respected and held in high esteem by his neighbours. He had been employed at the mill for 34 years, first in the employ of John Buttrum, and later John’s son William Buttrum. In 1866, John Crane suggested a bridge with a guard over the bridge so when the sails go over it in their circuit, a person passing over the bridge must stoop under it in passing to the mill, the guard prevented the sails from hitting anyone so passing. The idea was agreed and under John Crane’s special directions, carpenter, Walter Hunt, of Swilland put up the bridge and guard. The rail of the bridge was 2 ½ feet high so that anyone could easily slip through, and the guard was about four feet high.

The sail had never extended beyond the guard in the four years from when the bridge and guard were built. If it had touched the guard, it would have broken either the guard or even the sail.

On Friday, 25th August, the bridge had a sack containing about a peck and a half of beans hanging mouth downwards. The windmill was going, and the sails were so set that they went right over the bridge. At about five o’clock John went up the stairs to the bridge leading from the mill to the granary. At the same time Robert Davy, an employee of William Buttrum went towards the house and on his return three minutes later found John lying flat on his back on the ground as though he had fallen from the bridge, which was about eight feet from the ground. John was hurt and could not move. Another employee, William Rozier at once went to assist after hearing Robert’s calls for help. John was taken home and Mr. George Frederick Walford Meadows, a surgeon of Otley was sent for. He found John with two small superficial wounds, one on the face and one on the head. John was complaining about his head and throwing his hands about. George Meadows attended John until his death, which occurred at one Monday morning. The carpenter, Walter Hunt was with John when he died.

The inquest on the body of John Crane was held at Swilland on Monday, 28th August 1870, before Walter Bullar Ross, Esq., deputy coroner. Mr. George Meadows told the inquest the injuries were on the left side of his head, and the spinal cord was injured, this produced paralysis. The Jury, of which Mr. Samuel Thompson was foreman, inspected the mill and the place where the accident happened. A verdict of “Accidental Death” was returned. Woodbridge Reporter – Thursday, 1st September 1870

After the death of her husband, Jane continued as a shopkeeper at her grocery shop. Jane Crane died 27th August 1891, at Swilland.

 

William Lewis Scott, born 11th September 1826, Ipswich, baptised 24th September 1826, at St. Peter’s Church, Ipswich.

Walter Groom Scott, born 1828, Ipswich, baptised 7th March 1831, at St. Margaret’s Church, Ipswich. A fitter at an iron foundry. In 1853, Ipswich, Walter married Mary Mayhew, born 20th August 1825, Tunstall, Suffolk, baptised 26th March 1826, at Tunstall – daughter of James Mayhew, an agricultural labourer and Elizabeth Mayhew (nee Levett), of Tunstall. Mary and Walter had four children. Walter Scott died 4th January 1898, Ipswich. Laid to rest at Ipswich Old Cemetery in the grave of his youngest daughter Kate Annie Overett (nee Scott), who died 2nd August 1897, aged 29.

 

Elizabeth Lewis Scott, born1831, Ipswich, baptised 7th March 1831, St. Margaret’s Church, Ipswich.

 

Catherine Ann Scott, born 1837, Ipswich, baptised 28th February 1837, at St. Margaret’s Church, Ipswich.

 

Nephew – Walter James Scott, son of Walter Groom Scott and Mary Scott, died as a result of the First World War. Walter was ranked a Private, service number 1081464, of the Canadian Railway Troops, 1st Canadian Construction Battalion. He died 1st July 1919, aged 56, of pneumonia, at Stratford General Hospital, Stratford, Ontario, Canada. Laid to rest at the Soldiers’ Plot, at Avondale Cemetery, Ontario. Walter had recorded his date of birth on enlistment as the 11th March 1873, and his age as 44 years and 4 months. Walter, a stationary fireman and blacksmith’s assistant was married with six children. Walter is remembered on the war memorial at Christchurch Park, Ipswich.

 

CENSUS

 

1841   Coytes Gardens, St. Nicholas, Ipswich.

Thomas was 7 years old and living with his father and brothers.

Thomas, 45, a Journeyman Carpenter.

William, 14.

Walter, 12.

 

In 1841, Thomas’s mother and sisters were visiting his maternal grandparents at their family home at Helmingham, Suffolk.

Thomas Groom, 82, a Carpenter.

Susannah Groom, 83.

Susannah Scott, 45.

Elizabeth, 9.

Catherine, 4.

 

1851   Bond Street, St. Margaret’s, Ipswich.

Thomas was 17 years old, a Groom. He was living with his widowed mother and sister.

Susannah, 57, a Mangling Woman.

Catherine, 16.

 

1861   13, Tavern Street, Ipswich.

Thomas was 30 years old, a house servant for 47 year old George Constantine Edgar Bacon, a Banker.

 

1871   10, William Street, St. Margaret’s, Ipswich.

Thomas was 37 years old, a Sergeant-at-Mace. He was married and head of the household.

Matilda, 33.

Henry, 6.

Ernest, 4.

Frederick, 2.

Catherine, 1 month.

niece – Mary Ann Crane, 19, a Lady’s Maid, born Swilland, Suffolk.

 

1881   59, St. Helen’s Street, Ipswich.

Thomas Scott 1882

Thomas was 47 years old, a Sergeant-at-Mace. He was married and head of the household.

Matilda, 43.

Henry, 16, a Boot Clicker.

Ernest, 14, a Grocer.

Frederick, 12.

Catherine, 10.

Charles, 8.

Sidney, 4.

William, 2.

 

1891   59, St. Helen’s Street, Ipswich.

Thomas was 57 years old, a Sergeant-at-Mace. He was married and head of the household.

Matilda, 54.

Henry, 26.

Catherine, 20.

Charles, 18.

Sidney, 14.

William, 12.

1 boarder.

 

On the 21st September 1861, at St. Matthew’s Church, Ipswich Thomas married Matilda Rose Hunnibell, born 1837, Ipswich, baptised 28th June 1837, at St. Clement’s Church, Ipswich – daughter of Timothy and Lucy Hunnibell, of Ipswich.

 

Father: Timothy Hunnibell, born 1789, Ipswich. A carpenter and coachmaker. Timothy Hunnibell died 1863, Ipswich. Laid to rest at Ipswich Old Cemetery, Section H.

 

Mother: Lucy Hunnibell (nee Drane), born 1795, Holbrook, Suffolk. Lucy Hunnibell died 1879, Ipswich. Laid to rest with Timothy at Ipswich Old Cemetery, Section H.

 

Matilda and Thomas had seven children:

 

Henry Thomas Scott, born 1864, Ipswich. Henry was a house painter. Henry Scott died 30th August 1931, of 9, Blanche Street, Ipswich.

 

Ernest E. Scott, born 1866, Ipswich. Ernest was a bar/cellarman.

 

Frederick William Scott, born 1868, Ipswich. During the first seven years of his career, Frederick had been a schoolmaster and organist at the Rottingdean Children’s Workhouse, near Brighton, a schoolmaster and organist for the children at Blean Union Workhouse and a schoolmaster at the Training Ship “Exmouth” moored off the coast of Essex. For three and a half years Frederick was assistant master at Chelsea Workhouse. On the 16th July 1894, at Christ Church, Sutton, Surrey, Frederick married Minnie Linden, of Sutton, Surrey, born 1867, Burwash, East Sussex – daughter of James Linden, a farmer. Minnie and Frederick had one son. Minnie had been a nurse at Blean for three years, matron at the South Metropolitan District School for eight months, and labour mistress and nurse at Chelsea for three years. Together, Frederick and Minnie became master and matron of 110 inmates and 11 officers at the Hemel Hempstead Union Workhouse, Hertfordshire. After five years they became master and matron at the Newton Abbot Workhouse, before becoming master and matron at the Paddington Workhouse, Woodfield Road, Paddington.

 

Catherine Amy Scott, born 24th February 1871, Ipswich. In 1895, Ipswich, Catherine married Horace William Hatfield, a county court and solicitor’s clerk, born 21st January 1870, Colchester, Essex. Catherine and Horace had one daughter. On the 1939 register, Catherine and Horace, a County Court Clerk were living at their family home – 71, Thoroughfare, Woodbridge, Suffolk. Horace Hatfield died 1952, Woodbridge. Catherine Hatfield died 7th March 1956, at Scole Lodge Nursing Home, Scole, of 22, Warren Hill Road, Woodbridge. Laid to rest at Woodbridge Cemetery, Woodbridge.

 

Charles Walter Scott, born 1873, Ipswich.

 

Sidney Herbert Scott, born 1876, Ipswich. In May 1886, Sidney, a pupil at Argyle Street Board School, was 9 years and 7 months old when he was awarded a scholarship (one of six vacant scholarships available by the Governors to award) for the Ipswich Middle School for Boys. On Sunday, 10th June 1900, Sidney, Licentiate of Theology and B.A., Bishop Hatfield Hall, Durham, was ordained a Deacon at Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire. He first served at St. James Church, Urchfont with Stert, Wiltshire. From 1915 until 1949 Sidney was the Rector at St. Andrew’s Church, Oddington. Reverend Sidney Scott died 12th February 1949, at Battleking, Islip, Oxfordshire, of The Rectory, Oddington, Oxfordshire. Laid to rest at St. Andrew’s Churchyard, Oddington.

 

William Drane Scott, born 1878, Ipswich. On the 1st May 1910, at St. Mary’s Church, Bathwick, City of Bath, William married Florence Simpson, of Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire. Florence Scott died 25th November 1942, at Hill Top Avenue, Harehills, Leeds, West Yorkshire. Funeral service held 10am, Saturday, 28th November 1942, at St. Aidan’s Church, Leeds followed by interment at Harehills Cemetery, Leeds. William Scott died 20th November 1943, of 44, Hill Top Avenue, Harehills, Leeds. Laid to rest 24th November 1943, at Harehills Cemetery, Leeds.

 

THE APPOINTMENT OF SERGEANT-AT-MACE

Thomas Scott 1882

On Monday, 26th April 1869, a quarterly meeting of the Ipswich Town Council was held at the Town Hall, The Mayor, Edward Packard was in the chair, and there was a large attendance of the members of the Council. A matter was expressed to the Council as to the appointment of Sergeant-at-Mace. There were six candidates for the Council to consider:

Charles Barker, George Herbert Kerridge, Abraham Lewis, Thomas Scott, William Stannard and Thomas Strange.

Alderman George Josselyn rose to nominate Thomas Scott, as a fit and proper person to fill the office of Sergeant-at-Mace. George told the Council that he had known Thomas Scott a great many years, and had had frequent opportunities of seeing him, for he had lived in three excellent families in the town, and in all served with very great credit. Thomas had lived with the late Reverend Henry Thomas Lumsden, the late Major Turner, and Mr. Bacon. George continued that Thomas was a well-conducted man and that he would perform the duties of the office with sobriety and steadiness. George had very great pleasure in proposing that Thomas Scott be elected. Alderman Charles Chambers Hammond rose to say that he fully endorsed all that George Josselyn had said of Thomas Scott, and he, therefore, had great pleasure in seconding the motion for his election as Sergeant-at-Mace.

Mr. William Mason proposed George Herbert Kerridge. Doctor William Partridge Mills seconded the motion.

Mr. H. Ridley proposed Charles Barker, but the proposal was not seconded.

The testimonials of those proposed and seconded were read. They were of a very high character, those for Thomas Scott being – Mr. George Constantine Edgar Bacon, Mr. Walter Bullar Ross, Mr. Samuel Belcher Chapman, Mr. Peter Bartholomew Long, Mr. William Mumford, The Reverend Michael Turner and Mr. J Owen. George Kerridge’s testimonials were also remarkably good, but on voting Thomas Scott was elected by a large majority – George Kerridge, 8; Thomas Scott, 22.

Mr. Edward Grimwade thought the question of the manner in which the Sergeants-at-Mace were paid, which was at present open, should be looked into. This matter came into an unsettled state during the building of the New Town Hall. The question of remuneration was referred to the Finance Committee, as was also, on the suggestion of Alderman George Green Sampson, that of the duties of these officers. The Ipswich Journal – Saturday, 1st May 1869

1904, Town Hall steps. Thomas on the left, Witter on the right.

FAITHFUL SERVICE

At a special meeting of the Ipswich Town Council, held on Wednesday, 21st December 1904 at the Town Hall, the Mayor of Ipswich, John Henry Grimwade presided.

The Estate Committee reported with much regret to the meeting that after thirty-five years’ faithful service, Mr. Thomas Scott, Sergeant-at-Mace, had intimated that age and increasing infirmities now prevented the efficient discharge of all his duties of his office. The Estate Committee arranged with Thomas Scott, subject to the approval of the Council, that he should attend at the Town Hall on the occasion of meetings of the Council Quarter Sessions, and such other occasions as might be required, and that henceforth Mr. Thomas Scott would be paid the sum of 12s. 6d. per week, instead of £1 10s., as hitherto. East Anglian Daily Times – Thursday, 22nd December 1904

 

After Thomas’s retirement, he and Matilda went to live with their daughter, Catherine and son-in-law Horace Hatfield, at their family home of Norfolk House, Thoroughfare, Woodbridge, Suffolk.

 

Matilda Scott died 10th October 1907, at Norfolk House, Woodbridge, Suffolk – of bronchitis. Matilda’s son-in-law, Horace William Hatfield, of Norfolk House, Thoroughfare, Woodbridge was present at the death.

 

Probate to Thomas Scott – widow, a retired sergeant-at-mace.

 

Thomas Scott, a house proprietor, died 16th June 1911, at Woodbridge, Suffolk from shock to the system, the result of an accidental fall.

Inquest held 17th June 1917 – Coroner for the Liberty of Ethelreda, Mr. Walter Brook.

 

Probate to Frederick William Scott – son, a workhouse master.

 

SOURCES:

Images of the Mayor of Ipswich courtesy of Mr. A. Gilbert – Ipswich Borough Council.

www.ancestry.co.uk  for census returns, births, marriages, deaths, probates, military records and other historical online records.

www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk

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