Chief Constable of the Ipswich Borough Police. 1878-1907


Born: 21st August 1836, New Romney, Kent.

Baptised: 18th September 1836, New Romney with Hope, Kent.


Father: The Reverend John Clarke Russell, M.A. born 22nd August 1804, St. Pancras, London, baptised 24th September 1804, at Old Church, St. Pancras, London. John was educated at St. Peter’s College, Cambridge, he was awarded the Master of Arts, in October 1829. Ordained Deacon at Salisbury in 1827: a priest in 1828, a Curate to his father the Reverend John Russell, at Sutton Courtney, Berkshire in 1827 until his father’s death in 1828. He next became Curate at New Romney, Kent, 1828 – 1833. In March 1833, The Warden and Fellows of All Souls’ college have presented the Rev. John Clarke Russell, Curate of New Romney, to become Vicar of New Romney, in Kent. In 1839 – 1841 John was at East Garston, Berkshire. In 1841, John became the Rector of St. Thomas-a-Becket, at Cliffe, Lewes, East Sussex, until in consequence of advancing years and failing health, John retired in February 1877. The parishioners of St. Thomas-a-Becket, at Cliffe presented an engraved silver salver to the Reverend Russell, at his residence at 11, Albion Street, in grateful remembrance of his faithful service for 35 years. The Reverend John Russell died 26th June 1883, of Church Hill Villa, Cotham, Bristol. Laid to rest 30th June 1883, at Redland Green Churchyard, Gloucester.


Mother: Mary Tovey Russell (nee Rose), born 22nd September 1807, Birmingham, Warwickshire, baptised 16th October 1807, St. Martin’s Church, Birmingham. Mary Russell died 27th January 1892, at Dovercourt, Essex. Laid to rest 2nd February 1892, at Redland Green Churchyard, Gloucester.


Brother: John Skinner Russell, born 24th November 1833, New Romney, Kent, baptised: 30th December 1833, New Romney with Hope, Kent. On the 9th June 1887, at the Church of the Holy Trinity, Upper Tooting, Surrey, John married Lucy Dora Houndle, born 22nd June 1844, Paddington, Middlesex – second daughter of Edward Houndle, a Civil Service Clerk in the Adjutant’s Office of the Horse Guards, Paddington and also Secretary at the Royal College, Sandhurst, and Emily Christine Houndle (nee Hawker), of Radnor Place, Trinity Road, Upper Tooting. John Russell died 21st August 1909, at 22, Tisbury Road, Hove, East Sussex. Laid to rest 26th August 1909, Hove Cemetery. Lucy Russell died 16th December 1929, of 22, Tisbury Road, Hove.


In 1866, at St. Mary’s Church, New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand, Hickman married Mary Brown, born 1847, Burton Penwardine, Lincolnshire – second daughter of the Reverend Henry Handley Brown, Minister at St. Mary’s Church, New Plymouth, and Sophia Wilhelmina Brown.


Father: Henry Handley Brown, born 20th November 1813, Welbourn, Lincolnshire. Henry was ordained in 1837, at Lincoln. In December 1837, Henry was instituted to the Vicarage of Burton Pedwardine, Lincolnshire – patron, Henry Handley, Esq., M.P., and in June 1840, took the oaths to the Vicarage of Howell, Lincolnshire. Henry died 7th September 1893 New Plymouth. Laid to rest at St. Mary’s Churchyard, New Plymouth.

Mother: Sophia Wilhelmina Brown (nee Morris), born 12th August 1814, Sophia Brown died 14th May 1891, New Plymouth. Laid to rest at St. Mary’s Churchyard, New Plymouth.


In 1858, Henry received an invitation by Archdeacon Abraham, to become a Missionary to the outlying districts of Taranaki in New Zealand. The invitation was accepted and at the end of 1858, Henry and Sophia were preparing to leave England to make their new home for their family of 11 children in New Plymouth, New Zealand. Being on the point of leaving England, a Farewell Testimonial, was hosted at the Bristol Arms Hotel, Sleaford, by a committee appointed to carry out a subscription among parishioners and friends. Henry was presented a silver snuffbox containing 50 sovereigns as a testimony of their high esteem. The 50 sovereigns were to purchase land in New Zealand, which was 10s. an acre, to be called Burton Howell, the name of the two parishes he was leaving. Stamford Mercury – Friday, 5th November 1858.

Also in November 1858, a large portion of Henry and Sophia’s household furniture, carriages, superior Milch Cows, Pigs and Haystack and a large quantity of Potatoes were put up for auction. Stamford Mercury – Friday, 5th November 1858.

At the end of 1858, the Reverend Henry and Sophia, with their 11 children, the youngest 9 years old, sailed aboard the S.S. ‘Eclipse,’ to New Zealand. They arrived in March 1859, and settled at ‘Brookfield,’ near Omata, New Plymouth, Taranaki. The Reverend Henry Brown was soon accepted and respected by the local Māori. During the Battle of Waireka, a Māori Pānui was displayed at the Brown’s family farm ‘Brookfield,’ which gave protection for the Brown family and their home. The family fled to Nelson during the war. Eldest sons Henry and Francis stayed behind and joined the Taranaki Rifle Volunteers. At the end of the hostilities the family returned to ‘Brookfield.’

Gilbert, George Channing 1838-1913 :[Brookwood, the home of the Rev. H. H. Brown, Omata, New Plymouth] [ca 1860]. Ref: A-263-017. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand


Mary’s 15 year old brother, Francis Brown was killed on the 6th November 1860, during the Battle of Waireka, whilst serving with the Taranaki Rifle Volunteers. Laid to rest at St. Mary’s Churchyard, New Plymouth.


Mary and Hickman returned to England in 1867, where Major Russell was stationed at Manchester. He retired on temporary half-pay in 1873, with the brevet rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.


Mary and Hickman had 6 children:


Mary Gertrude Russell, Born 1867, Weaste, Salford, Lancashire, baptised 1st October 1867, St. Luke’s Church, Weaste. On Tuesday, 3rd October 1893, at St. George’s Church, Hanover Square, London, Mary married Lorraine David Kenyon-Stowe, a widower, of 57, Henley Road, Ipswich, a Clerk in Holy Orders – vicar at St. Mary at the Elms Church, Ipswich, and chaplain to the Duke of York’s Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars, born 18th June 1847, Moor Allerton Hall, Moortown, Yorkshire, baptised 1st August 1847, St. George’s Church, Leeds, Yorkshire. Lorraine had 2 young daughters from his first marriage to Laura Jane Bowen, in 1881, Brighton.

Lorraine was ordained in 1872 by the Bishop of Durham. He served as curate at Holy Trinity, Twickenham. In 1875, he continued his ministry at Christ Church, Clifton. A purse of 43 sovereigns was presented to Lorraine by members of the parish and congregation at the end of his ten months service. He next officiated curate at St. Stephen’s Church, Brighton and St. Holy Trinity, Brighton, followed by St. Mary’s, at Cheltenham. In January 1883, at a meeting of the parishioners of St. Mary Elms Church, Ipswich, the Reverend Kenyon-Stowe, of Cheltenham, was unanimously chosen vicar of the parish in the place of the Rev. Francis Edward Newton, who has recently left the town. Gloucester Citizen – January 1883 and The Ipswich Journal. On Saturday, 10th March 1883, Lorraine was licensed to the perpetual curacy and parish church of St. Mary at the Elms, Ipswich, on the nomination of the parishioners of the said parish. Lorraine resigned in October 1894, after 12 years. Lorraine Kenyon-Stowe died Thursday, 10th November 1904, at his summer residence – Quilter Road, Felixstowe (winter home at Clifton, near Bristol). Mary Kenyon-Stowe died 2nd April 1962, of 17, Wilbury Avenue, Hove, East Sussex.


Rose Ellen Russell, born 1869, Stonehouse, Devonshire. Rose died 1st October 1923, of 11, Redan Street, Ipswich. Laid to rest next to her parents’ grave at Ipswich Old Cemetery, Section J. Cast iron memorial railings mark their graves.


Henry John Russell, born 26th October 1872, Carrigaline, County Cork, Ireland. Henry received his Commission as Second Lieutenant into the Dorsetshire Regiment on the 19th July 1893. By the 1st April 1900 he was ranked Captain with the Army Service Corps, stationed at Jamaica. Henry served as Captain with the A.S.C., in South African Boer War and was awarded the Queen’s 1901 and King’s 1902 medal. He continued his Army career with the A.S.C. and was a Major in 1911. Henry served in the Great War ranked Lieutenant-Colonel, he was awarded the Victory, British War and 1914 Star. The medals being sent to Henry at the Head Quarters of the 3rd Army Corps – In The Field and later at the Army and Navy Club, Pall Mall. In 1930, Felixstowe, Suffolk, Henry married Kathleen Eva Hewitt (Ensor), a widow, of The Cottage, Princess Road, Felixstowe, born 25th May 1893, Ipswich – daughter of Isaac Lott Ensor, a chartered accountant – own account, and Corrie Eva Rolt Ensor (nee Bulmer), of Brierfield, Trimley St. Mary. Kathleen’s first husband, George Graily Hewitt, a Lieutenant, London Regiment died on the 16th March 1922, at the Hotel Albion, Costebelle, Hyères, France. George and Kathleen had a daughter Christine Meryl Graily Hewitt, August 1918, Ealing. After Henry and Kathleen marriage, Christine adopted the surname, Russell. In 1939, Henry, a retired Lt.-Col., Kathleen and Christine were living at their family home, with 1 maid – 17, Brook Lane, Felixstowe. Henry Russell died 17th February 1953, of Upwey, 17, Brook Lane, Felixstowe. Laid to rest at Ipswich Old Cemetery, Section J. Kathleen Russell, of 17, Brook Lane, Felixstowe died 12th June 1965, at the Greater Niagara General Hospital, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Kathleen had been on a visit to see her daughter Christine, her son-in-law Charles and her three grandchildren, at their family home at Niagara Falls, Ontario (in 1951 Christine married Canadian, Charles Edmund Aimesbury).


Hickman Frank Russell, born 26th December 1873, Sheepshed, Leicestershire, baptised 25th January 1874, Sheepshed. Hickman was educated at Ipswich Grammar School. On the 21st August 1890, at the Port of London, he embarked the S.S. ‘Aorangi’ of the Union Steamship Co., Master A.J. Sutcliff. Hickman, a Gentleman, travelled Salon Class and was contracted to land at Wellington, New Zealand. He settled in New Plymouth, the family home of his maternal family, and farmed for 12 years. He became a Justice of the Peace in 1901. In 1902 he acquired the business established by Alfred C. Foakes, in Devon Street, and became a licensed land broker under the Land Transfer Act, an estate and financial agent. He was also an agent for the State Fire Office. In 1900, Hickman married Mabel Lucy Stanford, born 1871 – daughter of Robert Loftus Stanford, Justice of the Peace, a barrister and solicitor of the Supreme Court in Dunedin. In 1894, he was appointed Stipendiary Magistrate at Palmerston North, and subsequently took charge of the Wanganui district. and Louisa Stanford (nee Owen). Hickman Russell died 3rd December 1920, of New Plymouth, Taranaki. Laid to rest at Te Henui Cemetery, Taranaki. Mabel Russell died 25th August 1928, at New Plymouth, Taranaaki. Laid to rest with Hickman, at Te Henui Cemetery, Taranaki.

Text and photographs of Hickman Russell and Robert Stanford – nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/ – and for more information.


Henshaw Robert Russell, born 19th January 1875, Sheepshed, Leicestershire, baptised 28th February 1875, Sheepshed. Henshaw entered the service of the Royal Navy on the 15th January 1892. He passed as Clerk 14th January 1893 and passed the Paymaster exams 19th January 1896. He became Paymaster 7th July 1904, and Staff Paymaster 7th July 1908, and Fleet Paymaster 7th July 1912, and on the 31st December 1923 Henshaw became Paymaster Captain. He was fluent in French and passed as an Interpreter in January 1911. On the 18th September 1918, Henshaw was invested by King George V Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (Military). In the New Year Honours list 1926, Paymaster Captain Henshaw Russell, R.N., was invested by King George V Companion of the Order of the Bath (Military). Henshaw was invested Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (Military), 3rd June 1935. On the 1st July 1929, he was placed on the Retired List at own request with rank of Paymaster Rear Admiral. For several years Sir Robert Russell, held the position of Hon. Treasurer of the Royal Naval Benevolent Trust. Sir Henshaw Russell K.B.E. C.B. C.M.G. died 2nd October 1957, at Scole Lodge Nursing Home, Norfolk.


Edward Holden Russell, born 22nd December 1882, Ipswich. Edward married Daisy Mildred Miller, a Theatrical Singer, born 22nd February 1890, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire – daughter of Arthur Alfred Miller, an Upholsterer and Decorator – own account, and Ellen Dennett Miller (nee Bingham), of Eastbourne, East Sussex. Daisy and Edward had one daughter. Edward entered the service of the Royal Navy on the 15th July 1896. He became Sub-Lieutenant 15th November 1901 and Lieutenant on the 15th May 1902. On the 31st December 1915, Edward was promoted to Commander. Commander Edward Russell, R.N. was awarded the Officer of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire on the 10th July 1919 – For valuable services in the Anti-Submarine Division, Admiralty, especially in connection with development and distribution of depth charges. On the 1st November 1922, Edward was placed on the Retirement List at own request. Promoted to Captain (retired) 16th March 1929. Edward Russell O.B.E. died Christmas Eve, 1964, at Ronkswood Hospital, Worcester, of Inver Wood Farm Road, Malvern Wells, Worcestershire.




1851   The Temple, Brighton, East Sussex.


Hickman was 14 years old, a Scholar and Boarder at the independent school for boys’ – Schoolmaster, 56 year old John Williams.


1871   1871   63, Haddington Road, Stoke Damerel, Devonshire.


Hickman was 34 years old, a Sergeant-Major for the 57th Foot Regiment. He was married and head of the household.

Mary, 24.

Mary, 3.

Rose, 1.

1 nurse.


1881   Berners Street, St. Matthew’s, Ipswich.


Hickman was 44 years old, a Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief Constable of Ipswich. He was married and head of the household.

Mary, 34.

Mary, 13.

Rose, 11.

Henry, 8.

Hickman, 7.

Henshaw, 6.

1 cook.


1 housemaid.


1891   Northwick House, 15, Redan Street, St. Matthew’s, Ipswich.


Hickman was 54, a retired Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief Constable of Ipswich. He was married and head of the household.

Mary, 44.

Mary, 23.

Rose, 21.

Henry, 18.

Henshaw, 16.

Edward, 8.

1 cook.

1 nurse.

1 housemaid.


1901   Northwick House, 15, Redan Street, St. Matthew’s, Ipswich.


Hickman was 64, a Chief Constable – Police. He was married and head of the household.

Mary, 54.

Rose, 31.

1 cook.

1 lady’s maid.

1 housemaid.


1911   Northwick House, 15, Redan Street, St. Matthew’s, Ipswich.


Hickman was 74, a Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief Constable of Ipswich. He was married and head of the household.

Mary, 64.

Mary Kenyon-Stow, 43, a widow, Living on Private Means.

Rose, 42, Living on Private Means.

1 cook.

1 lady’s maid.

1 housemaid.



Hickman entered the Army in January 1855, to be Ensign by purchase – 57th Foot, he was 18 ½ years old and a gentleman.

On the 29th March 1855, he was promoted to Lieutenant – without purchase – 57th Foot.

He became Captain, by purchase – 57th Foot, in February 1861.

Service with the 57th Foot:

Ireland – 16th January 1855 – 9th August 1855.

Crimea – 12th September 1855 – 1st June 1856. Hickman was present at the bombardment and capture of Kinburn during the final stage of the Crimean War.

Malta – 2nd June 1856 – 9th June 1856.

Ireland – 10th June 1856 – 30th April 1857.

Malta – 30th April 1857 – 21st March 1858.

Aden – 21st March 1858 – 7th June 1858.

East Indies – 8th June 1858 – 9th December 1859.

England on leave – 10th December 1859 – 6th January 1861.

New Zealand – 7th January 1861 – 5th August 1867. At New Plymouth, Hickman was Garrison Adjutant between 20th January 1865 – 15th August 1866.

Manchester – 6th August 1867.


Hickman was a Freeman. Initiation date 17th February 1869, at the South Saxon Lodge, Lewes, East Sussex.


In April 1873, Captain Hickman Russell, of the 57th Foot, retired on temporary ½ pay and with the brevet rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.


At the end of September 1878, Chief Constable Mason tendered his resignation. The position of Chief Constable was advertised. There were 84 candidates, including captains, colonels, adjutants, and gentlemen in other influential positions. After a committee was appointed to go through the testimonials, the number was reduced to five. These gentlemen were invited to Ipswich, to appear before the committee, and the result was that:

on the 20th December 1878, Lieutenant-Colonel Russell was appointed Chief Constable for Ipswich, the salary being £250 a-year. The new Chief Constable was to commence his duties on the 4th January 1879.

In his very first year as Chief Constable, Hickman established a Coffee Fund for his men. The purpose of the ‘Coffee Fund’ was to provide coffee, free of expense, for constables on night duty on leaving or returning to the Police Station. At the end of each year any funds remaining were shared between each constable as a Christmas Box, to enable them to purchase little comforts for their wives and families. Also inaugurated by Hickman in 1879, was a ‘Police Library,’ as a means to improve their standard of education. After his first appeal, a small cupboard was large enough to contain the books. In response to further appeals in 1885 and 1890 the Police Library held nearly 1,200 volumes, including an excellent reference library, all enjoyed by the men, their wives, and children. Hickman also set in motion a ‘Poor Box Fund,’ to provide help for payment of rent, for the supply of food, and for working materials. He assured the subscribers and the inhabitants of Ipswich, that every case was thoroughly investigated by himself and his men, and that no relief was ever granted unless it was thoroughly deserved.


On Friday, 1st March 1907, after 28 years of service, Chief Constable Hickman Russell, handed in his resignation, which would take effect on the 31st May 1907. On a salary of £324 per annum, the Watch Committee granted Hickman a superannuation allowance amounting to £221 10s. 9d. per annum.

The Town Clerk Mr. Will Bantoft began to advertise in the London and local press, inviting applications for the Chief Constable post at a salary of £300 per annum. The Watch Committee also limited the age of applicants to forty. Evening Star Wednesday, 27th March 1907

On Thursday, 30th May 1907, during a sitting of the Ipswich Borough Magistrates, a presentation was made to Hickman on his retirement. As a gesture of thanks and gratitude for 28 years of service, the Mayor William Orford White, Esq., presented Hickman with a silver salver and a gold pencil case. The silver salver weighing 114 ozs was supplied by Messrs. R.D. and T.B. Fraser. The following afternoon, in the Library of the Town Hall, every constable who could be spared from duty was present for Hickman’s leaving ceremony. Hickman had forbidden any present being given to him by the men of the Police Force. Mrs. Mary Hickman accompanied her husband. Mary had come to know most of the policemen’s wives and children, and often made friendly visits which were always appreciated. During the ceremony Mary was presented with a silver tea service.


Mary Russell died 22nd December 1914, at her residence Northwick House, 15, Redan Street, Ipswich. Laid to rest at Ipswich Old Cemetery, Section J.


Hickman died 9th September 1920, at his residence Northwick House, 15, Redan Street, Ipswich.


Laid to rest with Mary, at Ipswich Old Cemetery, Section J. Cast iron memorial railings mark Mary and Hickman, and daughter Rose Ellen Russell’s graves.


Probate to Henry John Russell – son, a retired Lieutenant-Colonel – H.M. Army, Henshaw Robert Russell – son, a Paymaster Captain – R.N., and Edward Holden Russell – son, Commander R.N.



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